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字符串和PostgreSQL转义字符

Attempting to insert an escape character into a table results in a warning.

For example:

create table EscapeTest (text varchar(50));

insert into EscapeTest (text) values ('This is the first part \n And this is the second');

Produces the warning:

WARNING:  nonstandard use of escape in a string literal

(Using PSQL 8.2)

Anyone know how to get around this?

2016年12月06日52分22秒

Partially. The text is inserted, but the warning is still generated.

I found a discussion that indicated the text needed to be preceded with 'E', as such:

insert into EscapeTest (text) values (E'This is the first part \n And this is the second');

This suppressed the warning, but the text was still not being returned correctly. When I added the additional slash as Michael suggested, it worked.

As such:

insert into EscapeTest (text) values (E'This is the first part \\n And this is the second');

2016年12月06日52分22秒

Cool.

I also found the documentation regarding the E:

http://www.postgresql.org/docs/8.3/interactive/sql-syntax-lexical.html#SQL-SYNTAX-STRINGS

PostgreSQL also accepts "escape" string constants, which are an extension to the SQL standard. An escape string constant is specified by writing the letter E (upper or lower case) just before the opening single quote, e.g. E'foo'. (When continuing an escape string constant across lines, write E only before the first opening quote.) Within an escape string, a backslash character (\) begins a C-like backslash escape sequence, in which the combination of backslash and following character(s) represents a special byte value. \b is a backspace, \f is a form feed, \n is a newline, \r is a carriage return, \t is a tab. Also supported are \digits, where digits represents an octal byte value, and \xhexdigits, where hexdigits represents a hexadecimal byte value. (It is your responsibility that the byte sequences you create are valid characters in the server character set encoding.) Any other character following a backslash is taken literally. Thus, to include a backslash character, write two backslashes (\\). Also, a single quote can be included in an escape string by writing \', in addition to the normal way of ''.

2016年12月06日52分22秒

Does doubling the \ work?

insert into EscapeTest (text) values ('This will be inserted \\n This will not be');

2016年12月06日52分22秒

The warning is issued since you are using backslashes in your strings. If you want to avoid the message, type this command "set standard_conforming_strings=on;". Then use "E" before your string including backslashes that you want postgresql to intrepret.

2016年12月06日52分22秒

Really stupid question: Are you sure the string is being truncated, and not just broken at the linebreak you specify (and possibly not showing in your interface)? Ie, do you expect the field to show as

This will be inserted \n This will not be

or

This will be inserted

This will not be

Also, what interface are you using? Is it possible that something along the way is eating your backslashes?

2016年12月06日52分22秒

I find it highly unlikely for Postgres to truncate your data on input - it either rejects it or stores it as is.

[email protected]:~$ psql
Welcome to psql 8.2.7, the PostgreSQL interactive terminal.

Type:  \copyright for distribution terms
       \h for help with SQL commands
       \? for help with psql commands
       \g or terminate with semicolon to execute query
       \q to quit

milen=> create table EscapeTest (text varchar(50));
CREATE TABLE
milen=> insert into EscapeTest (text) values ('This will be inserted \n This will not be');
WARNING:  nonstandard use of escape in a string literal
LINE 1: insert into EscapeTest (text) values ('This will be inserted...
                                              ^
HINT:  Use the escape string syntax for escapes, e.g., E'\r\n'.
INSERT 0 1
milen=> select * from EscapeTest;
          text
------------------------
 This will be inserted
  This will not be
(1 row)

milen=>

2016年12月06日52分22秒